Validation Expectations for Sub-Contract Companies.
are entering into a contract to supply machined parts to a medical device
manufacturer. Do we have to
validate our machine shop?
have no direct requirements from the FDA.
It is the company that uses your facilities and abilities that must
ensure your company practices and procedures (with regard to the subcontract
work) are compliant with all the relevant FDA and cGMP requirements and
guidelines (not withstanding Utah Medical).
it can only be highly beneficial for your company to be able to state that you
operate within the requirements of 21 CFR Part 820 and indeed have been
independently audited for compliance with cGMP and Part 820. It is; at the end of the day, a good and
rigorous QA and QC system. For the
busy procurement manager to find a subcontractor who is compliant is a real-time
bonus. It also greatly enhances his
standing with all the QA/QC staff who are relieved of the unenviable task of
trying to whip a none compliant contracting company into some degree of often
reluctant compliance. Download a
copy of the Part 820 requirement here.
where does one start. In your case
I would start by purchasing from us a Vendor Audit document and executing
against your facility. This will
give you a basic indication of what a major company is ideally looking for in
selecting a subcontracting company.
work (from here on we mean the regulated medical device work) you contract to
execute on behalf of your client must be fully specified and formally documented
in a format that can be reviewed by the regulatory authorities (contract /
specifications / drawings / processes / tests / inspections). Costs and or prices may be obscured or
deleted as required. No loose ends
need to put a Validation Master Plan (VMP) for your facility
in place. This document must
outline (for a visiting auditor/regulator) how you have integrated cGMP into all
your controlled activities. Also details of job title responsibilities, scopes
and organograms. Along with details
of product and personnel ingress/egress flows, drawings and specifications for
all plant facilities/utilities/processes/testing/storage. This is the first document an auditor
will ask for. It is a live document
and must reflect all things to all people.
work must be carried out using approved documented procedures (live controlled SOP’s or method statements
subject to QA/QC control amendment and cancellation). All production and test equipment must
be risk assessed and validated accordingly. (validation automatically includes
calibration, maintenance and many other considerations). All personnel (and contracting
staff) require training records that indicate they are competent for the tasks
they perform (no one is exempt from this requirement not even the CEO).
validation it is essential that time is not wasted on frivolous activities. This is where you must use a Validation
Risk Assessment (VRA) to document your justification for the scope of validation
that you intend to use. The FDA now
requires a written justification for all validation scopes. All process equipment from tumbling
barrels to multi-axis machining centres must be validated. What do you validate; everything and
anything that could affect the quality and or efficacy of the final
The Importance of Correct Procurement.
analysis of the end user's priorities, in procurement priorities, is made the
importance of the equipment / programs being validateable ranks at number two
out of ten. Second only to
delivery; with cost ranking around sixth. This has been true in over 80% of all
cases we have been involved with.
the-would-be purchaser, it gives enormous reassurance to know that regulatory
compliant validation protocols and plans are supplied. They are often willing to pay a 15 to 30
percent surcharge for these documents.
If a consultant is hired to produce the full suite of validation
documents (8/9 documents) considerable costs are involved. However it is the question; is the
system / program actually capable of being validated? That makes people hesitate. I doubt (after over twenty years as an
auditor) if there is any pharmaceutical company that has not at some time had to
abandon new programs or equipment for these reasons.
The FDA have
actually stated that 70% of validation problems are directly related to none
compliant procurement methods.
comments about you having to validate the equipment or program are completely
erroneous. The end user has that
task; your task is to ensure that your product is validatable. That means in all ways it must be
compliant with the applicable directives in cGMP. On our site we carry further details of
all these requirements.
Some of Our Current Fast Moving Documents.
Software Validation SOP (Issue-2) -- $22.00
Software Validation Master Plan (issue-2) -- $115.00
Software Validation Risk Assessment (Issue 2) -- $125.00
Software User Requirements Specification. (Issue 2) -- $115.00
Software Validation Plan (Issue 2) -- $89.00
Software Design Qualification. (Issue 2) -- $89.00
Software Installation Qualification. (Issue 2) -- $89.00
Software Operational Qualification. (Issue 2) -- $89.00
Software Performance Qualification. (Issue 2) -- $89.00
Software Validation Package (Issue 1) -- $699.00
A recent warning letter demonstrates just how few companies use a Gap Analysis to validate that they are compliant. CAPA discrepancies continue to be the biggest single source of problems. However the daddy of them all recently has been a well known company that had carefully documented the levels of experience and educational standards required for various GMP sensitive roles (In accordance with GMP), only for the FDA to find the persons in these jobs were not qualified properly. (click here to read)
Do use a Gap Analysis and avoid these embarrassing events.
Gap Analysis Tool (Issue 2.) -- $115.00
Validation Risk Assessment (Issue10.) -- $125.00
This popular Validation Risk Assessment (VRA) has now been edited and enlarged to include Part 11 assessment tables for you to use in classifying which of your predicate records require to be stored in compliance with 21 Part 11, and which do not. It also includes an Excel spreadsheet to allow you to establish a permanent record of all such judgements, as is now mandated by the regulatory authorities.