Machinery validation or Qualification is a mandatory requirement when ever a machine is used in a way that can affect the quality, safety, efficacy of a controlled product or jeopardize the integrity of any predicated data, relating to that product. The term machinery relates to any metal moving or removing equipment which is largely mechanical in operation, but may have software management or recording facilities. Examples; could be metal working machinery such as CNC - machining-centers - milling - turning - drilling - packaging machinery.
All equipment that executes any process that can or could change, damage or obscure the quality, efficacy or manufacturing records of a regulatory controlled product, must be qualified by being validated.
In the US this is managed by the FDA. In Europe it is managed by EU. Many other countries also have an agency to manage this requirement and those that don’t usually rely on the World Health Organization (WHO).
Machinery Validation and or qualification requires a suite of inter-related documents to be put into place. Each document should be constructed to a format and with a content that will satisfy the regulatory expectation for such a document. The regulations leave a certain amount of freedom to manipulate tests and inspections to save unnecessary retesting and ease access and downtime requirements. However this freedom does not affect the basic directives; which mandates, the documented need for the suite of documents to start at the VP then the URS and on through the VRA, DQ, IQ, OQ to the PQ. These regulatory requirements exists and must be complied with.
The procurement process normally starts with the production of a documented requirement or group of requirements. For existing facilities this should take the form of a Change Request (CR). As soon as management has agreed to proceed with the CR, approval should be issued to produce a Validation Plan; sometimes called Quality Audit Plan (VP). This plan must be all encompassing. It must give assurance that all aspects of the proposed CR have been studied and the CR impact on existing facilities, utilities, product and personnel have been defined and the appropriate corrective or support actions planned for. A fully detailed User Requirements Specification (URS) can now be authored reviewed and published. Since developing the URS may raise problems that could not be anticipated when the VP was raised; a VP review is required to ensure all aspects of the final approved URS are fully catered for.
With the URS defined and the Validation Plan (VP) in development Validation Risk Assessment (VRA) must be authored and executed to establish the scope and depth of CNC validation that is appropriate for this equipment. This information must be published in the VP and used as the authority for all protocol development. Where vendor developed Functional Specifications FS) and or Design Specification (DS), are available they should be reviewed and referenced in the VP. Where these documents are not available a DS or FS may have to be retrospectively developed.
When the DS or FS that is to be used are defined, a pre-approved Design Qualification (DQ). The execution of this DQ must verify that the proposed design will;
Operate in a manner safe to the product, and the operations staff.
The installation of each validatable item and or system must be subjected to, and satisfy, an approved Installation Qualification (IQ) protocol. Details of the scope of the IQ, responsibilities for generating, reviewing and approving of this document must all be documented in the VP.
When the requirements of the IQ have been satisfied, all aspects of the operational capabilities of each system must be fully challenged and verified by the execution of a pre-approved Operational Qualification (OQ) protocol. As with the IQ; OQ scope and details of the persons responsible for generating, reviewing and approving of this document will be documented in the VP.
As soon as the executed IQ and OQ protocols having been reviewed and approved, a pre-approved Performance Qualification (P1Q) protocol or Process Qualification P2Q) (this requirement will be documented in the VP) must be issued for execution.The execution of this PQ must verify that the system performance requirements, as specified in the URS have been achieved, and that the system operates in a manner safe to the product and production personnel.
Validation Risk Assessment template (Issue 11) $125.00 The Risk and Part 11 Validation Risk Assessment(VRA) protocol is becoming the most important document in the validation train. The VRA reassures the regulators that you have looked at specific equipment functionality and considered the appropriate level of validation that is required. You have also considered various aspects of its use and the implications of any malfunctions. From the results of this exercise the scope of all validation activity can and must be justified. This is a robust and simple to execute document, one that will lead you through the process and deliver a result that can be used as the foundation for your validation risk assessment template.
This VRA now includes the assessment table for categorizing and documenting the new 21 CFR Part 11 guidance ruling on what predicate data must be stored in a Part compliant system, along with the new broadsheet to establish your new database of part 11 records. (now mandatory).
This Pharmaceutical Validation combination protocol has been produced in response to several hundred reader suggestions we received in our ‘Suggestions Section’. It has been carefully designed to make it the preferred choice for Process and Laboratory stand alone equipment and associated standard operating procedure TEMPLATE. The associated medical device validation Master Plan template is interactive, easy to use and suitable for all mixes of equipment with and without software. Where temperature mapping is required it will included in this section. This of course may well be a validation risk Assessment template. As per 21 CFR Part 11.
The Installation Qualification Template or IQ section establishes documented verification that all medical device validation template online executables are catered for and that key aspects of the equipment Qualification adhere to approved design Qualification template and the recommendations of the manufacturer have been suitably considered. The Operational Qualification Template section establishes that there is documented verification that the installed system functions as specified and that there is sufficient documented process validation A executables to demonstrate this. The PQ section develops documented evidence that all the requirements specified in your corporate validation 4U manual have been verified as operating consistently and exactly as specified in the medical device validation template; The User Requirements Specification template
This document was designed to be used as a live document up until the DQ is completed and approved. It uses three levels of URS, URS Level 1, 2 and 3, and is the only URS to guarantee traceability from the User requirements specification template through to the final PQ and OQ functionality testing. A mandatory requirement for Full Life Cycle Validation of computer systems and compliance with Current Good Manufacturing Practice legislation. It can be used on mechanical, electrical and software controlled, monitored or driven systems and of course medical device validatioN Template along with the Software Qualification template.
The Standard Operating Procedure template (SOP) used to generate this installation Qualification template (IQ), takes you through the process line by line, chapter by chapter. It really is unique to find a SOP document so easy to use, all the work is done for you. All the documents are detailed, all the drawings listed and all the checks and tests detailed. The final product is a professional and comprehensive Installation Qualification template. One that you can produce in less than 60 minutes. Yes, think about it, we all know how long producing IQ documents has taken in the past, whether for current Good Manufacturing Practice use medical device use or a simple installation qualification template.
You will find the Operational Qualification template (OQ) delightfully simple and straightforward to use, as it takes you through the process of customization of your Operational Qualification Protocol template. Following the attached SOP will quickly and smoothly convert your template into an equipment specific 21 CFR Part 11 compliant Installation Qualification Template. The OQ template comes complete with all the standard test scripts, more specialist test scripts can be found listed below. These can easily be pasted into the standard OQ, allowing you to quickly build your own fully detailed and referenced company bespoke Operational Qualification Protocol, along with the installation qualification template.
Why does something as simple as a spreadsheet figure in so many regulatory citations? Good question; and at times a difficult one to answer. When you ask a group of compliance personnel the same question you will be informed that Excel cannot be validated because it does not seal the original copy (of the spreadsheet), allows the original to be modified and has an audit trail that can be disabled. All true, but none of these problems interfere with your ability to validate that the spreadsheet is fit for purpose. They only preclude you from using the spread sheet as a compliant repository for any data that has to be store in compliance with 21 CFR Part 11.
If the spreadsheet is signed off and dated by the user, their supervisor and QA, it becomes regulatory acceptable data stored in hardcopy, and Part 11 does not apply.
After numerous requests for this, we have launched our brand new SOP for Spreadsheet Creation to cover these and other known target points that the regulators consistently hone into as soon as they find that spreadsheets are being used. Use this Spreadsheet Creation SOP to ensure that you create spreadsheets that are validatable. Then use our spreadsheet validation pack to validate them.
This combination protocol has been produced in response to several hundred reader suggestions we received in our ‘Suggestions Section’. It has been carefully designed to make it the preferred choice for Process and Laboratory stand alone equipment. It is interactive, easy to use and suitable for all mixes of equipment with and without software.<br>
The IQ section establishes documented verification that key aspects of the equipment adhere to approved design intentions and that the recommendations of the manufacturer have been suitably considered. The OQ section establishes that there is documented verification that the installed system functions as specified and that there is sufficient documentary evidence to demonstrate this. The PQ section gives documented verification that the equipment performance in its normal operating environment is consistently exactly as specified in the URS