DESIGN QUALIFICATION (DQ).


Design Validation customer city skyline photograph.  This one is Montreal.Boston.

Design Qualification Definition.

Procurement procedures must ensure that all designs tendered from Requests for Quotations for equipment destined to be used in the production of a controlled product are subjected to the rigors of Design Qualification analysis.  In a similar manner; any “off-the-shelf” items being considered, must be subjected to a similar analysis to verify that their existing design specification is equal to; or better than, the required design specification.   


Design Qualification Rationale.

A Design Qualification protocol is used at the stage where a design that has been developed from the, VMP / URS /GAMP 5 / cGMP / and other Health and Safety Guidelines, is reviewed and documented by competent persons to ensure that the designed equipment, if built, will satisfy all the detailed specified requirements, as contained in the VP and URS.

I have written before in these documents that certain things are critical, well here we are again. You have taken great trouble to write, and have approved, a URS and a VP, now a vendor (or could be in house) has come forward and presented a design that they have prepared, and they state it will satisfy your requirements. This is where the majority of major project problems are manufactured, not obvious immediately, but materializing later in the project time line.

The Design Qualification is the only document that is going to confirm that the design will work. It must be authored and executed by suitably qualified persons  who are knowledgeable enough to challenge the proposed design and its  performance. If you have no such persons on your staff you must contract them in, or contract the authoring of the Design Validation protocol out.

When I arrive on site to manage a project, my very first task is always to get to grip with the design, get all the drawings and review them. I do this because thirty years of experience has made me very aware, that I need to know the design is good. So often this is not the case, and very often there are glaring abnormalities. When these are highlighted with the client and their vendors, only the vendors are smiling. The client had accepted the design and the vendor had quoted for that design, any changes will be extra to the quoted price. Sometimes this has run into seven figures.

A PROPER DESIGN QUALIFICATION IS ESSENTIAL TO YOUR HEALTH.

A Design Validation Protocol can also be used where a company has prepared a User Requirements Specification (URS) for a piece of equipment and is searching for a manufacturer, but is offered equipment Of - The - Shelf. A Design validation protocol can be used to verify whether the off-the-shelf item will fully deliver the functionality detailed in the URS, and conform to the requirements specified in the VMP / cGMP while complying with all applicable Health and Safety Notices.


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DQ Scope.

The scope of the Design Validation protocol must include but is not limited to:

  • Verification that the design will achieve the URS requirements.
  • Verification that the design is cGMP compliant, and where software is used , conforms to the life cycle model requested in the VP and detailed in GAMP 5.
  • Verification that the design complies with the VMP.
  • Verification that the utility services required are available and validated.
  • Verification that all the required support documentation is specified.
  • Verification that the system will be calibratable.
  • Verification that the system will be maintainable.
  • Verification of operation staff training requirements.
  • Verification that the system will operate in a manner safe to both product and staff.
  • Verification that the system conforms to all applicable national standards and guidelines.

DQ in the Validation Process.

This graphic is a schematic of the inter-relationships of Design Qualification documentation.

PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION.

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Equipment combined IQ/OQ/PQ Protocol.   $159.00

This combination protocol has been produced in response to several hundred reader suggestions we received in our ‘Suggestions Section’. It has been carefully designed to make it the preferred choice for Process and Laboratory stand alone equipment. It is interactive, easy to use and suitable for all mixes of equipment with and without software.
The IQ section establishes documented verification that key aspects of the equipment adhere to approved design intentions and that the recommendations of the manufacturer have been suitably considered. The OQ section establishes that there is documented verification that the installed system functions as specified and that there is sufficient documentary evidence to demonstrate this. The PQ section gives documented verification that the equipment performance in its normal operating environment is consistently exactly as specified in the URS.

Quantity

12000002_VrrP_Equipment_iss-4. -- $298.00

This Validation, Risk & Requirements Plan (VrrP) is one document designed specifically to replace three. The contents of the three original documents were completely revised and edited into a more compact and interactive format.  This new format will make a very significant difference to the man hours required to produce and execute these documents.  There will also be a very noticeable reduction in the time required for the reviewing and approving tasks.  This new document titled the VrrP replaces the VP, VRA & URS and now compliments our equally new 4Q Protocol, which integrates the DQ/IQ/OQ/PQ into one document. 
This is an essential step forward for companies seeking to reduce validation costs without infringing regulatory standards.

Quantity

12000006_4Q_Equip_iss-4. -- $298.00

4Q Equipment Validation Protocol (4Q-Equip) has been designed specifically to replace four standard protocols.   By taking the contents of the four protocol and carefully weaving them into one notably easy to use protocol, we have made a significant advance in the task of streamlining validation documentation by reducing protocol numbers by close to 75%.  The new bang up to date 4Q protocol replaces the DQ, IQ, OQ & PQ and now compliments our equally new VrrP Protocol.  By integrating the old style DQ/IQ/OQ/PQ into one 4Q document there will be enormous savings in man hours in the authoring, reviewing, updating and approving tasks.
For everyone's convenience, it is still written in word.

Quantity

Design Qualification (Issue 5) -- $115.00

The Standard Operating Procedure attached to this generic design qualification protocol, will chapter by chapter, take you through the task of raising a fully detailed document. The main body is split into fourteen tables, each one probing the design requirements and standards for the individual requirement. Safety and security along with user operability are very detailed. The document will lead you through all these design aspects allowing you to delete some you feel are not important to your equipment. It is an easy document to use and will ensure that you’re DQ’s are relevant, up to date and easy to execute. Practically all the requirements are in table form. Allowing fast and clearly presented results to be obtained.

Quantity

Performance Qualification (P1Q) (Issue 5.) -- $89.00

The Performance Qualification is the last of the qualifying tests that equipment and processes are subjected to, prior to the actual first product run. It maybe that there are some steps in the process that can only be verified by actually running them (quick freezing and sublimation, to mention only two) or it sometimes is the fact that the product is a very expensive product, and can not be wasted. So no one wants to run the process with product, until they are completely certain there will be minimal waste.

Quantity