The testing involved in Facility Utility pure steam validation requires a continuous supply of saturated steam; preferably sourced from the actual line that supplies your sterilization systems. Too high a level of non condensible gases will prevent the attainment of sterilization; too little moisture carried in suspension may allow the steam to become super-heated during expansion into the chamber, while excess moisture may cause damp loads. Where steam systems are either routinely or irregularly shut down, large quantities of air will be present in the distribution system on restarting. It is recommended that in such circumstances a comprehensive and validated venting procedure should be applied and testing steam quality should be routinely executed.
Non-condensible gases originate from the water that the steam is generated from. These gases will usually be air, although carbon dioxide may be present, caused by certain water treatment processes, typically water softeners. This is exacerbated by excessive aeration that can exist in many pharmaceutical water treatment plants where water is constantly recirculated and sprayed into the top of storage vessels. The effect of such gases being present in the steam supply to a sterilizer can be the same as air, none sterilization of the volume they occupy.
The facility utility pure steam validation protocol is a very detailed and comprehensively scripted protocol. All the test scripts required for IQ/OQ/PQ execution are in place ready for editing to represent your installation exactly. Tests scripts are very detailed and all calculations are broken down into simple stages. Illustrated equipment hook up diagrams and sequential instructions further ensure that this testing is easily within the skills of the average technician.
All sterilization tasks using steam attract the attention of the regulators. There are often serious problems that inhibit or reduce the sterilizing efficacy of steam that remain obscure to the operator and only become apparent to the end user.
The power of steam to sterilize is very closely linked to the characteristics of that steam. Routine facility utility pure steam validation of your steam quality must be carried out to ensure that your sterilization processes are never compromised. Annual testing of steam automatically attracts auditor attention. Steam quality must be re-verified when ever any changes or disturbances affect a qualified quality steam system.
Combined IQ/OQ/PQ Protocol for Quality Steam -- $565.00
Includes Expansion and Pitot tubes.
This is a fully documented and detailed SOP that you will use every time you execute your periodic facility utility pure steam validation of your quality steam system(s). Tests scripts are very detailed and all calculations are broken down into simple stages. Illustrated equipment hook up diagrams and sequential instructions further ensure that this testing is easily within the skills of the average technician.
The main reason companies have not executed steam quality testing in-house; was that the hardware (pitot and expansion tubes) were extremely difficult to source. This induced us into having these manufactured for our own use manufactured and offer them for sale on this site. All other test equipment required is readily available in most laboratories (tubing, glassware and multi-meter).
This SOP is an absolute must for companies that want to be certain that their sterilization processes are never compromised.
Annual testing of steam automatically attracts auditor attention. Steam quality must be re-verified when ever any changes, including software, affect a qualified quality steam system.
Superheated steam is steam at a temperature above its boiling point for its pressure. Superheated steam is a clear colour-less gas that will not condense until its temperature drops to its boiling point. Until this occurs the moisture necessary for sterilization cannot be produced and therefore presents a risk to the process. Superheated steam acts as hot air and requires sustained high temperatures and long hold times before sterilization can occur. It is essential in facility utility pure steam validation to verify that the steam being tested is not superheated.
Wet steam is undesirable as it has less energy than dry steam and more importantly can cause wet loads. The packaging used for sterile products prevents reinfection when dry, but its bacterial retentive properties will be adversely affected by the presence of moisture. Wet loads can be considered to be un-sterile. The dryness fraction describes how dry steam is, with a value of 1 representing steam that is 100% dry, and therefore free of entrained moisture. Steam with a dryness fraction of 0.99 consists of 99% steam and 1% water. If we measure the latent heat present in steam that has a dryness fraction of 0.99 we will find that it possesses 99% of the full quotient of latent heat.
The draw back to carrying out in-house facility utility pure steam validation has always been the lack of the correct Pitot and Expansion Tubes, along with difficulty of generating a quality protocol for qualification purposes. Now these excuses are gone, a quantity of the tubes have been manufactured to a tried and tested design, and are now in stock. The Testing Steam Quality protocol is also available for direct download. This document is not a template, it is a finished document. There is a prefixed SOP which will auto populate the document for you, with your company’s names and addresses, other than that the document is ready to execute.