Standard Operating Procedure Template


Standard Operating Procedure template Introduction.

Standard Operating Procedure Template or often referred to as Standard Operating Practices (SOP's) are used to ensure that production processes are consistently and repeatedly executed exactly in accordance with a proven methodology. SOP’s must be available for every task that is used in the manufacture or testing of a regulated product.

A Standard Operating Procedure template is a written step-by-step procedure that quality control (QC), quality assurance (QA), and production units use in order to assure that the accuracy and precision of the original product development is maintained in the transformation from small trial and batch work to full scale production of the product. SOP's are an essential part of the consistent replication of the tasks that are used to produce a regulated product to a pre-approved quality specification.

SOP's are active documents that are routinely reviewed and amended as production processes are repaired, altered or replaced. Having defined all the appropriate standard operating procedure template  and practices they are then used as audit standards to ensure that these define methods are being meticulously followed and adhered to.


Standard Operating Procedure template - Regulatory Importance.

This image portrays the use of a standard operating procedure as used in industry.

The use of the Standard Operating Procedure template format forms the backbone of regulatory compliance activities in all companies regulated by Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) rules and regulations.

Having described the use and importance ascribed to Standard Operating Procedure template it is incongruous to now inform you that the number one failure in compliance is; “not following written instructions”.  This is closely followed by the number two failure: “no documented instructions available”.

It is hard for any validation professional to understand the mentality of persons that would patiently wait for a regulatory visitation – knowing it was routine for their operators and laboratory technicians to execute tasks without using a documented standard operating procedure template.

It therefore becomes pretty obvious and very essential for personnel to be trained in the use of documented standard operating pratice, in the execution of their daily tasks, to ensure they are aware of why and how these SOPs play such an important role in fulfilling the specific company’s regulatory requirements from WHO, FDA, EMEA or other national health authorities. Health authorities world-wide expect pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food producers to use approved manufacturing processes in written SOPs format.


Common cGMP Revelations.

Failure of management with executive responsibility to review the suitability and effectiveness of the quality system at defined intervals and with sufficient frequency according to established standard operating procedure template to ensure that the quality system satisfies the requirements of Part 820 and the manufacturer's established quality policy and objectives, as required by 21 CFR 820.20(c). Specifically, there is no evidence that management reviews have been conducted. 

Failure to establish procedure for, and to conduct, quality audits to assure that your firm's quality system is in compliance with the established quality system requirements, and to determine the effectiveness of the quality system, as required by 21 CFR 820.22. Specifically, there is no evidence that you have established quality audit standard operating procedure template or that quality audits have been performed.

Failure to ensure that personnel are adequately trained to perform their assigned functions and to document training, as required by 21 CFR 820.25(b). Specifically, employees involved in the manufacturing, packaging, testing, shipping, and complaint handling of in vitro reagents have not been trained in current Good Manufacturing Practice or the use of standard operating procedure template, and you were able to provide documentation of any type of training for only one of your current employees.

Failure to establish and follow document approval, distribution and change procedure, as required by 21 CFR 820.40. For example, standard operating procedure template on how to control approval, distribution, and changes to device master records (DMRs), specifications, device history records (DHRs) and labeling for your strep A and hCG in vitro diagnostics were not available and documents not signed as approved for use were being used in product manufacturing and finished product testing locations during this inspection.

Failure to establish standard operating procedure template to ensure that all purchased or otherwise received product and services conform to specified requirements, as required by 21 CFR 820.50. For example, quality requirements to be met by your contract manufacturer of your strep A and hCG in vitro diagnostics have not been defined or documented.

Failure to develop, conduct, control, and monitor production processes to ensure that your devices conform to their specifications, as required by 21 CFR 820.70. For example, you do not have any cleaning standard operating procedure template for the equipment used in the production of strep A and hCG in vitro diagnostics.

Failure to ensure that all inspection, measuring, and test equipment, including mechanical, automated, or electronic inspection and test equipment, are suitable for their intended purposes and are capable of producing valid results, as required by 21 CFR 820.72 (a). Your firm has no approved standard operating procedure template to ensure that equipment is routinely calibrated, inspected, checked and maintained. For example, procedures for calibration, inspection, checks and maintenance of your firm's digital scales, autoclave and spectrophotometer used in the manufacture and testing of your strep A and hCG in vitro diagnostics were not available. 

Failure to validate with a high degree of assurance and approve according to established standard operating procedure a process whose results cannot be fully verified by subsequent inspection and test, and failure to document such validation activities and results, as required by 21 CFR 820.75(a). For example, there is no standard operating procedure template in place for validation of your firm's manufacturing process, cleaning operations, software calculations or filling operations for your strep A and hCG in vitro diagnostics.

Failure to use a documented standard operating procedure template for incoming product inspection and acceptance purposes, as required by 21 CFR 820.80(b). For example, there is no documentation of acceptance activities for incoming reagents, reagent bottles, bottle droppers, bottle caps, or labeling for your strep A and hCG in vitro diagnostics. [See inspection observation 13.]

Failure to establish and maintain standard operating procedure for finished device acceptance to ensure that each production run, lot, or batch of finished devices meets acceptance criteria, and to hold finished devices in quarantine until all activities required by the DMR are completed, as required by 21 CFR 820.80(d). Specifically, entire lots of your strep A and hCG in vitro diagnostics were tested and released after the first day of assembly/production before all activities required in the DMR had been completed. For example, the following lots were released prior to completion of all activities required in the DMR: Mainline Confirms Strep A, lot 94610; Mainline confirms DOTS Strep A, lot 92720; Mainline confirms III hCG serum/urine, lot 96380 and Mainline Maxie pregnancy test urine hCG, lot 418F30.

Failure to establish and maintain standard operating procedure template for implementing corrective and preventive action, as required by 21 CFR 820.100. Specifically, no corrective and preventive action procedures were available during this inspection. Failure to establish and maintain standard operating procedure to control labeling activities to assure that a designated individual has examined labeling for accuracy including, where applicable, the correct expiration date, control number, storage instructions, handling instructions, and any additional processing instructions prior to labeling release for storage or use, as required by 21 CFR 820.120(b). For example, the DHR does not include a date or signature of a person who examined and approved the expiration date and lot numbers on your labels for your Strep A and hCG in vitro diagnostics.

Failure to use documented standard operating procedure template for verification of the label and labeling used for each production lot in the device history record, as required by 21 CFR 820.120(d). For example, the lot code and expiration labeling for the Strep A and hCG pregnancy screening test kits are not recorded in the DHRs.

Failure to establish and maintain a design history file (DHF) for each type of device, as required by 21 CFR 820.30(j). For example, you have failed to provide a DHF for any of the devices that your firm manufactures.

Failure to maintain complaint files, and to establish and maintain a standard operating  procedure for receiving, reviewing, and evaluating complaints by a formally designated unit, as required by 21 CFR 820.198. For example, you stated that you stopped documenting complaints over a year ago, and there is no evidence that complaints 02-05-037, 02-06-004 and 02- 6-023 were reviewed or evaluated.


Make certain that your validation is up to regulatory compliance requirements by ensuring that this complete chain is in place.

VPURSDQ - VRAIQOQPQ.


STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE TEMPLATE.



Combined IQ-OQ-PQ Computer (Issue-4) $159.00

This Pharmaceutical Validation combination protocol has been produced in response to several hundred reader suggestions we received in our ‘Suggestions Section’. It has been carefully designed to make it the preferred choice for Process and Laboratory stand alone equipment and associated standard operating procedure TEMPLATE. The associated medical device validation  Master Plan template is interactive, easy to use and suitable for all mixes of equipment with and without software. Where temperature mapping is required it will included in this section. This of course may well be a validation A Plan template. As per 21 CFR Part 11.

The Installation Qualification Template section establishes documented verification that all medical device validation template online executables are catered for and that key aspects of the equipment Qualification adhere to approved design Qualification template and the recommendations of the manufacturer have been suitably considered. The Operational Qualification Template section establishes that there is documented verification that the installed system functions as specified and that there is sufficient documented process validation A executables to demonstrate this. The PQ section develops documented evidence that all the requirements specified in your corporate validation 4U manual have been verified as operating consistently and exactly as specified in the medical device validation template; i.e, The User Requirement Specification template. 



User Requirements Specification (Issue 8) $115.00

This document was designed to be used as a live document up until the DQ is completed and approved. It uses three levels of URS, URS Level 1, 2 and 3, and is the only URS to guarantee traceability from the User requirements specification template through to the final PQ and OQ functionality testing. A mandatory requirement for Full Life Cycle Validation of computer systems and compliance with Current Good Manufacturing Practice legislation. It can be used on mechanical, electrical and software controlled, monitored or driven systems and of course medical device validatioN Template along with the Software Qualification template.



Installation Qualification. SOP & Protocol (Issue 9.) $115.00 10000020

The Standard Operating Procedure template (SOP) used to generate this pharmaceutical validation IQ, takes you through the process line by line, chapter by chapter. It really is unique to find a SOP document so easy to use, all the work is done for you. All the documents are detailed, all the drawings listed and all the checks and tests detailed. The final product is a professional and comprehensive Installation Qualification Protocol. One that you can produce in less than 60 minutes. Yes, think about it, we all know how long producing IQ documents has taken in the past, whether for medical device validatioN  TEMPLATE or for being able to produce 4 to 8, IQ protocols per 8 hour day.



Operational Qualification, SOP & Protocol (Issue 10.) $115.00 

You will find the Operational Qualification template (OQ) delightfully simple and straightforward to use, as it takes you through the process of customization of your Operational Qualification Protocol template. Following the attached SOP will quickly and smoothly convert your template into an equipment specific 21 CFR Part 11 compliant Installation  Qualification Template. The OQ template comes complete with all the standard test scripts, more specialist test scripts can be found listed below. These can easily be pasted into the standard OQ, allowing you to quickly build your own fully detailed and referenced company bespoke Operational Qualification Protocol.